collective ownership, expropriation, and workers self-management

Venezuela’s solidarity economy

The essay appraises and analyzes different organizational efforts of the Bolivarian government in Venezuela to achieve a democratization of property and management of means of production. The different approaches adopted since 2000 (first a strengthening of cooperatives, then the creation of Social production companies [EPS] and finally the Socialist Enterprises as well as the concept of endogenous development, normative orientation of production organization, and state job training) are described and critically analyzed. Regarding the internal organization of production sites models of comanagement, self-management, and workers control are presented and then critically analyzed concerning successes and failures by resuming fieldwork done about three factories: The Aluminum factory Alcasa, the paper factory Invepal, and the valves factory Inveval.

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